X Traffic

Introduction Copied

The Geneos X Traffic plugin monitors user-defined TCP/IP conversations and displays the data send and receive rates and connection state. When a connection is terminated, the plugin can also detect which side of the connection initiated termination.

The Netprobe must run in a location that it can “listen” to TCP/IP traffic. This typically means it must run on a host which is participating in the TCP/IP conversation which you wish to monitor.

Views Copied

View Copied

The X Traffic plugin produces a single view, which is described below. Depending upon the plugin mode selected, the view may display summary rows, details rows or a combination of the two.

Summary rows display a summary of statistics for all conversations matching that plugin configuration item, whereas detail rows show details for a particular TCP/IP conversation. This distinction is particularly relevant when configuring conversations that only partially specify an end-point.

Headline Legend

The headlines produced by this plugin are only available in details mode.

Name Description
pktSendRate Total packet send rate in packets per second.
pktRecvRate Total packet receive rate in packets per second.
dataSendRate Total data send rate in kilobytes/s.
dataRecvRate Total data receive rate in kilobytes/s.

Table Legend

Name Description
name The session (or conversation) name, as configured by the user.
state The connection state, either "connected" or "disconnected" followed by the time at which this state occurred.
connectionCount The number of connections for this session. This field is only populated for summary rows.
pktSendRate Packets sent per second, averaged over the sample interval.
pktRecvRate Packets received per second, averaged over the sample interval.
dataSendRate Data sent in kilobytes/s, averaged over the sample interval.
dataRecvRate Data received in kilobytes/s, averaged over the sample interval.
tmSinceLastPacket Number of seconds elapsed since the last packet sent or received.
localAddress The IP address of the local side of the connection.
localPort The port number of the local side of the connection.
remoteAddress The IP address of the remote side of the connection.
remotePort The port number of the remote side of the connection.

Plugin Configuration Copied

The X Traffic plugin listens to all TCP/IP data received by a host, and matches the local/remote host and ports as configured by the user.

Plugin configuration is placed in the x-traffic configuration section.

var-recvInterfaces Copied

Specifies a comma-separated list of network interface names used to monitor incoming TCP/IP data.

On UNIX machines, interface names can be found using the command “ifconfig -a”. Example names are “eth0” or “ce0”.

On Windows machines, interface names can be listed by running Netprobe using the “-ifconfig” command-line option. A Windows interface name will look similar to the following:


Mandatory: Yes

sendInterface Copied

The name of the network interface to be used to send packets (e.g. hme0). Usually the same as recvInterface parameter, but can be set to a different value in certain network configurations.

Mandatory: Yes

sessions Copied

Specifies the list of (at least one) TCP/IP sessions that this plugin will monitor. Sessions specify the source and destination host and ports of the TCP/IP connection, and each host or port may be configured as a wildcard. Connections matching this session will then be monitored.


It is an invalid configuration to specify all parts of a connection configuration as a wildcard - you must specify at least one host or port.

Mandatory: Yes

sessions > session > var-name Copied

The name of the session (or conversation) - this is the name which will be displayed in the view (as the row name). Session names should be unique within each plugin instance.

Mandatory: Yes

sessions > session > src Copied

Specifies the source host/IP address and port for the session. The host/IP or port may be set to a wildcard (*) to indicate a match against any host or port.

Mandatory: Yes

sessions > session > dst Copied

Specifies the remote host/IP address and port and port for the session. The host/IP or port may be set to a wildcard (*) to indicate a match against any host or port.

Mandatory: Yes

displayMode Copied

Specifies the display mode for this plugin. Possible values are SUMMARY, DETAILS or SUMMARY+DETAILS.

Summary mode only shows the top-level summaries for the configured sessions. Details mode shows only the details (i.e. the individual connections that match the configured sessions) while summary and details mode shows both. See the view section for an example.

Mandatory: No


var-cleanUpTime Copied

The length of time for which a disconnected TCP/IP connection will be displayed before it is removed from the view. This setting takes a positive integer (at least 1) which specifies the number of seconds before a connection is cleared.

Mandatory: No

Default: 60 (seconds)


X Traffic periodically checks idle connection that does not have packet exchange for more than 60 seconds against the OS tcp table to verify if it still connected or not.

checkTargetHostHasChangedIp Copied

Forces X Route to detect if the underlying IP address of a host name has +changed. This will restart the packet capture engine so X Route will +continue to check the correct host. In between restarts there is a +potential for losing packets.


Restarting the packet capture engine will affect all X-Set plugins as they too might miss packets.

Mandatory: No

Default: False

Permissions Copied

The plugin needs to open network devices, so you should run the Netprobe using root or administrator permission on Unix and Windows, respectively.

On Linux kernel versions 2.6.24 and higher, an alternative to running the Netprobe as root is by setting the CAP_NET_RAW and CAP_NET_ADMIN Linux capabilities on the Netprobe binary using the following command:

setcap cap_net_raw,cap_net_admin+eip <netprobe binary>

When running the Netprobe with set capabilities, the lib64/startup folder in the Netprobe directory should be in the ld.so trusted paths. Otherwise, the runtime libraries will not load properly. For guidance, see Run Netprobe under elevated privileges in Linux.

Third Party Libraries Copied

Windows: The Npcap packet capture library needs to be installed on the host. If Npcap is not installed using WinPcap API-compatible mode, then the Npcap installation directory must be added in the PATH environment variable or the DLL_PATH registry variable.

Unix: The shared library libpcap.so needs to be in the netprobe/lib64 directory. It is recommended to use libpcap.so version 1.0.0 or later.

Note: As the Netprobe needs to be run as root, the LD_LIBRARY_PATH is ignored for security reasons.

["Geneos"] ["Geneos > Netprobe"] ["User Guide", "Technical Reference"]

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